Vehicle ownership transfer or Registration Certificate transfer refers to the process of legally shifting the vehicle from one name to another. The need to transfer RC can arise due to various reasons which we will discuss in detail. One of the very common ones, though, is the sale of vehicles. It is necessary because it shifts the lawful obligations to the purchaser and safeguards the buyer from any responsibility after the sale is made. Furthermore, it is also an obligation under Indian Motor Vehicle Act, of 1998. The rules for transferring RC can be complicated to understand looking at government websites and several confusing and contradictory articles on the internet. Let us make this process simpler by listing each and every step point-wise and in layman’s terms.
Reasons for transferring ownership of Vehicle
In case of the death of the owner
If the owner of the registered vehicle passes away, the ownership gets transferred to the legal heir. In case of multiple heirs, each must give a no-objection certificate if one of them transfers the vehicle in their name.
Documents needed for the same are –
I) Application form 31
ii) Legal heir certificate
iii) Affidavit from another legal heir in acceptance of transfer
In case of an Auction of the vehicle
In the public auction of a vehicle, the buyer is registered as the new owner and the person involved in auctioning needs to provide a certificate confirming the sale.
Documents required for auction –
I) Application form 32
ii) Certificate or order confirming the sale of the vehicle in his favor duly signed by the person authorized to conduct the auction
In case of the sale of the vehicle
While selling the vehicle, it needs to be registered in the name of the buyer and the seller needs to give a no-objection certificate for the same. Apart from that various other documents come into play.
Documents for the sale of a vehicle are –
I) NOC by registering authority
ii) An application for Issue of No Objection Certificate shall be made in Form 28 (in triplicate) to the Registration Authority by which the Vehicle was previously Registered / Transferred. by affixing Rs.3/- Non-Judicial Court Fee Stamp: (Please check with local RTO whether NOC is required before processing)
iii) Form 28, 29 and 30
Also read: Driving Licence Fees in Karnataka
Process of transferring the vehicle offline
a) The buyer will have to apply for transfer in the same RTO where the vehicle was registered. The link below can give you information on the RTO offices in Karnataka that can be listed along with their addresses
b) Complete the applications as mentioned above –
Form 31 – in transfer due to death
Form 32 – in transfer from an auction
Form 28, 29, and 30 – in case of selling
These application forms can either be downloaded online from the link given below or obtained physically from the RTO office and filled. Online link – https://parivahan.gov.in/parivahan/en/content/all-forms
c) The applicant needs to make sure that all necessary documents are completed and eligibility criteria are met properly, after which the proper inspection of the vehicle, especially the chassis number and verification of documents, the authorities will process the application further.
Process of transferring the vehicle online
a) Visit the Government of India Ministry of Road Transport and Highways – https://parivahan.gov.in/parivahan/
b) Go to Informational Services tab -> About Registration -> Ownership transfer. You will find a step-by-step guide of all documents needed and guidelines on the procedure
c) Follow all the steps on the Vahan Citizen services site – https://vahan.parivahan.gov.in/vahanservice/vahan/ui/statevalidation/homepage.xhtml
d) Enter the registration number to proceed.
e)Select the Basic Services(Transfer of Ownership, Change of Address, Hypothecation, Duplicate RC) option shown in Online Services for Transfer of Ownership
f) Enter the Registration number, Chassis Number, and mobile number to generate OTP. Enter OTP and click on Submit button.
g) An Application entry form will be opened where we can select Transfer of Ownership and add the new owner’s details.
h) To submit the application, select the RTO and check the insurance and fee details. Then press the Save to drafts button.
I) This will generate an Application number which needs to be stored for future reference.
j) Download e receipt for the fee, Form 29 and Form 30 and take printouts
k) Rest of the process will be carried out in the RTO office.
Also read: CNG Kit Price in India
Documents Required for transferring the vehicle
Apart from the documents mentioned earlier in different cases for transfer, the following list of documents should be enclosed
- The certificate of registration
- The certificate of insurance,
- The certificate of pollution under control
- PAN card in case of 4-wheeler
- The appropriate fee is specified in rule 81.
- 2 Photograph of the applicant with vehicle clearly showing the number plate
- Pollution under control certificate
- Proof of address (any one of the following): Ration Card / Electoral Roll / LIC Policy
- Pencil-traced “Chassis Number” is the primary detail for applying
- Aadhaar card
- Passport size photo
- No objection certificate from the Financier if the vehicle held with Hire Purchase
- Valid Tax receipt
The process to Transfer Ownership of a Vehicle in India
It can take up to 30 working days to complete the entire process.
The fee may cost from 500 to 1000 rupees depending on the type of vehicle. You can use the following link to check the exact amount according to relevance – https://parivahan.gov.in/parivahan/en/content/fees-user-charges
Status can be checked on Vahan Citizen Services website by selecting the state and RTO office and then entering the registration no. and chassis no. Follow the link for the same – https://vahan.parivahan.gov.in/vahanservice/vahan/ui/statevalidation/homepage.xhtml
Yes. If the vehicle is purchased from another region or different RTO the NOC will be needed from that RTO.