Wed. Dec 2nd, 2020

Regional Transport Office (RTO)

The Regional Transport Office (RTO) also known as Regional Transport Authority (RTA) is responsible for maintaining the complete database of the vehicles as well as drivers for all the states of India. It was formed in 1988 when Motor Vehicles Department was established under section 213(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act. . This department is headed by the Transport Commissioner. In India every state and city has their own RTO (Regional Transport Office) and they are responsible to carry out all the functional activities that are laid out in Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

RTO Responsibility

As we all know that vehicle traffic in increasing day by day the roles and responsibility of RTO in maintaining the traffic and other task also increase. Some of the roles and responsibility are listed below:-

  • Enforcing the motor vehicle rules established by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988
  • Managing the permits issued to trucks, autos, taxis, etc.
  • Implementing any new rules issued by the government with regard to motor vehicles
  • Conducting driving tests
  • Issuing and renewing the driving licenses
  • Inspecting the vehicle insurance
  • Clearing the pollution test
  • Collection of road fund licenses and road tax/excise duty
  • Vehicle registration
  • Granting international driving licenses
  • Providing freight and public transport licenses
  • Maintaining the database of the registered vehicles
  • Selling customized registrations
  • Vehicle transfer and registration of loan transactions
  • Providing badges to the taxi and auto-rickshaw drivers
  • Conducting the mechanical assessment of the accidental vehicles
  • Issuing the vehicle fitness certificate to transport vehicles

What is Temporary RTO Registration ?

Temporary RTO registration is a provision laid down under the Sec.43 of Central Motor Vehicle Act which state that temporary registration is only given to the vehicles that are need to be taken to another state which means that car is been purchased from a different state and it will be registered in different state. Validity of temporary registration is one month. During that period you have to get the vehicle permanently registered with the RTO in your City/state.

RTO Vehicle Registration

It’s mandatory as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 that all the vehicles need to be registered if you want to drive the vehicle in the country. Although its a simple process but most of the time the dealer from whom you have purchased the vehicle always quote the price including the registration charges but if you want to get it registered bu yourself the you have to go to the RTO office in your city/state with the following documents and within 7 days a registration certificate is issued that acts as a proof stating the registration of the vehicle.

  • Form 20 i.e. application form for registration of the vehicle
  • Age and address proof documents
  • Passport size photographs
  • Form 21 i.e. sales certificate of the vehicle
  • Form 22 i.e. road-worthiness certificate
  • PUC certificate
  • Insurance of the vehicle to be registered
  • For registration of an imported vehicle, a customs clearance certificate is required
  • A sales tax certificate, if the vehicle has been bought from one state and has to be registered in the other.
  • No Objection Certificate from RTO and dealer has to be submitted if the vehicle is bought in one state and registered in another state.
  • Temporary registration number
  • Invoice of the vehicle
  • Design approval has to be obtained from Transport Minister for registration of semi-trailer and trailer vehicles
  • Form 34, in case of loan hypothecation
  • Applicable application fees has to be paid

Vehicle Registration Process at RTO

While purchasing the vehicle normally the registration process is handled by the vehicle dealer himself. Here’s how the vehicle registration process at RTO pans out.

  • Step 1 – Download vehicle registration form from “VAHAN” website and fill out with complete details as required and submit it to the District Transport Office.
  • Step 2 – You will be also required to submit necessary documents such as form 20, vehicle’s sales certificate, invoice, insurance policy for the vehicle, applicant’s photos, and identity proof.
  • Step 3 – There will be an inspecting officer who will be evaluating your form and the documents that you have submitted. Once approved, you shall receive a vehicle registration number and a receipt.
  • Step 4 – Get the registration mark on the vehicle’s number plate in thirty days and seek approval from the registration authority.

RTO Registration Charges

Basically RTO Charges are based on the Ex-showroom price of the vehicle in India, discounts are not taken into account while calculating RTO charges but a flat fees basis the applicable slab is applied on to the Ex-showroom Price.

While Registering a Car – a Vehicle Owner Pays in :-

» Registration Charges – Rs 600 (irrespective of value of car)

» Hypothecation Charges – Rs 1500 (If a loan is availed on the vehicle) else if bought car on cash – no such charges to be paid.

» Number Plate -Rs. 250- 400/- (for High Security Number Plate)

» State Development Charges / Parking Fee – Some of States / UT impose this charge. Taking an example of Delhi where Rs. 2000/- MCD Parking Fees will be taken for car below 4 lakh ex-showroom and Rs 4000 MCD Parking Fees 4 lakh ex-showroom price.

» Temporary Registration – Rs 1200 to 1500 (valid for 1 month)

» Road Tax – Taxes applicable to payable to State Government for registering Vehicle in State varies according to state.

» FasTag – FasTag fees is Rs 500 to Rs 600 payable at time of buying car.

How to check vehicle registration online ?

Once the vehicle registration is done you can check the details online also on VAHAN (https://vahan.nic.in/) website which was launched by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) Government of India.
All you need to do is the Enter the vehicle number and submit you will get all the information details related to you vehicle.

State Codes of RTO in India

Each state in India is assigned a RTO state code with which it will be easy to know the location to which the vehicle is registered be it any vehicle car/bike/truck etc.

RTO LOCATIONSRTO CODERTO LOCATIONSRTO CODE
Andhra PradeshAPArunachal PradeshAR
AssamASBihar RTOBR
ChhattisgarhCGGoaGA
GujaratGJHaryanaHR
Himachal PradeshHPJammu and KashmirJK
JharkhandJHKarnatakaKA
KeralaKLMadhya PradeshMP
Maharashtra RTOMHManipurMN
MeghalayaMLMizoramMZ
NagalandNLOdishaOD
PunjabPBRajasthanRJ
SikkimSKTamil NaduTN
TripuraTRUttar PradeshUP
UttarakhanadUKWest BengalWB
TelanganaTS

Union Territories RTO codes in India

RTO LOCATIONSRTO CODE
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsAN
ChandigarhCH
Dadra and nagar HaveliDN
Daman and DiuDD
LakshadweepLD
National Capital Territory of Delhi RTODL
PuducherryPY

Different Types of RTO Forms and their use

There are various RTO form that are needed to fill while applying for driving licence or for vehicle registration. One has to follow certain guideline in order to apply for vehicle registration or licence. Below are the list of forms and its use when it comes to RTO.

Form 1Form is used as an Application or declaration to Physical Fitness
Form 1-AMedical Certificate Form which is needed while applying for a driving license.
Form 2Application for learning license. The form is now available online and you need to use this form while the renewal of learning license as well.
Form 3Learner’s License Form
Form 4Application for the for permanent License and this form is also available online
Form 4 AForm of application to drive a vehicle. This is a sub-part of Form 4 and it is also available online
Form 8This form needs to be filled when you want to add a driving class to the vehicle. For example, if you have your license for Motorcycle and if you need to add LMV to that then you need this form.
Form 9Application form for the renewal of permanent driving license.
Form LLDApplication form for a duplicate license
Form 20Application form for registration of new vehicles (RTO Registration)
Form 25Application form for re-registration of vehicles (RTO Registration)
Form 26Application form for the duplicate certificate of Registration Certificate of Vehicle
Form 27Application form for new registration from other states
Form 28Application form for obtaining no objection certificate
Form 29Application form for transfer of ownership also known as Sales Letter
Form 30Application form for transfer of ownership also known as a Sales letter
Form 31Application form for a death certificate
Form 32Application form for registration of public auction vehicle
Form 33Application form for address change in registration certificate of vehicle
Form 34Application form for hypothecation Endorsement and it is used while obtaining a loan
Form 35Application form for hypothecation termination which is used after the loan is cleared
Form 60Application form for income tax Information
Form 61Application form for income tax exemption case
IDPApplication form for getting an International driving permit
PSVApplication form required for Public Services Vehicle
RTO Application-AApplication form for verification of the antecedents
Character CertificateApplication form for verification of character
IDPApplication form for getting an International driving permit
PSVApplication form required for Public Services Vehicle
RTO Application-AApplication form for verification of the antecedents
Character CertificateApplication form for verification of character

Frequently Asked Questions:

How much time do I have for registering my vehicle?

Registration of vehicle should be done within 7 days from the date of purchase.

Is RTO closed on Saturday?

2nd and 4th Saturdays of every month RTO are closed.

Can I pay road tax without NOC?

Yes; but you have to obtain a NOC from your current RTO office within a period of one year and get the vehicle registered in the new state within the period of one year.

Is parking a part of RTO’s driving test and how much space is required for it?

You might be asked to display parallel parking skills in the space directed by the supervisor as part of the driving test.

Is RTO and DTO are same ?

No, Regional Transport Offices are for a state and District Transport Offices (DTOs) are for a district. The difference usually lies in the jurisdiction area.

Are RC Book and RC Card the same or different?

Earlier, vehicle’s registration certificates were called RC Books, now they are called RC or RC cards as they are available in a card form.

Why is the registration of vehicle is necessary ?

As per Section 39 in The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 vehicles are only allowed when it get registered at RTO

Can I check registration details online ?

Yes, you can just visit parivahan[dot]gov[dot].in.